The EFTS will be back at end-June / beginning-July

The EFTS is intended to provide education and training, including laboratory practice in a full-week seminar, and targets the broadest audience: Engineers, Ph.D. students, post-docs, young scientists, newcomers, etc.
Go to the EFTS wrb page

Lectures for PhD students

The following lectures are primarily intended for PhD students and postdoctoral fellows.

Guests are welcome. You may be a colleague, a practitioner, a high school instructors, or even a hobbyist with personal or professional motivations to learn these things. Registering at the PhD school is all what you have to do. Registration takes a few minutes, is free of charges and goes with no privacy issues, but it is required for monitoring purposes. Please email me to get the instructions.

Live webinar available.

Regular lectures will be given only if permitted by the COVID-19 health crisis. In this case, local people (resident in Besancon and surroundings) should attend the lectures, instead of the live webinar. The site is the ENSMM, Besancon.

1 - The Scientific Publication

Burden: 10 H lectures in five sessions of 2 H each.

Next lectures: January-February 2022

How to communicate scientific ideas in journals, conferences and books, how the mechanism underneath works, and how to target audience and publisher. This course is a must for PhD students of all disciplines, and falls in the category of "humanities." It is open to a broad audience, including young Colleagues, Master Students, and Guests.

Download the summary and the most recent slide set.

2 - Time and frequency, Instrumentation, and Metrology

Dowload the program (latest version, 2021)

Next lectures: March-April 2022

Part Lectures Burden Download the latest slideshows
1 1-5 7.5 hours General instruments
2 6-10 7.5 hours Oscillators and noise (extended)
3 11-15 7.5 hours The new SI
Option 1: Oscillators and Noise (15 hours)
Take Part 1 and 2 (lectures 1-10) if you want to know the secrets of stable and low-noise oscillators, how they can be measured, and the systems they belong to. These leectures derive from seminars given at the Tutorial Session of international conferences of time and frequency, and from invited seminars. This option is a must for all the PhD students working on a topic broadly related to time and frequency, including optics and astronomy.
Option 2: Scientific Instruments (15 hours)
Take Part 1 and 3 (lectures 1-5 and 11-15) if you are an experimentalist interested in precision measurements, in the subtle meaning of uncertainty, and in the nature of the measurement units we use in all domains of science. This option is a must for a must for young experimentalists (PhD students and postdoctoral fellows) in engineering and physics. The first part is about experimental methods of general interest. The second part is on the new International System, of Units (SI), in force since May 20, 2019.
Option 3: The Full Package (22.5 hours)
Take Part 1, 2 and 3 (lectures 1-15) if the secrets of oscillators do not suffice to you without the foundations of the science of measurement.


  1. F. Vernotte, S. Chen, E. Rubiola, Response and Uncertainty of the Parabolic Variance PVAR to Noninteger Exponents of Power Law, IEEE Transact. Instrumentation Measurement vol.70 no.*** pp.****-***, Month 2021 (Article 1006906, online 26 April 2021). You can download the PDF from the IEEE Xplore (preferred), or from my web page. DOI 10.1093/mnras/stab742, © IEEE.

  2. S. Chen, F. Vernotte, E. Rubiola, Applying clock comparison methods to pulsar timing observations, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society vol.503 no.3 pp.4496-4507, May 2021 (online 15 March 2021). You can download the PDF from the Oxford Academic (preferred), or from my web page. DOI 10.1093/mnras/stab742, © The Authors, Open Access under Creative Common license CC-BY.

  3. P. Durdaut, E. Rubiola, J.-M. Friedt, Cai Müller, B. Spetzler, C. Kirchhof, D. Meyners, E. Quandt, F. Faupel, J. McCord, R. Knöchel, Michael Höft, Fundamental Noise Limits and Sensitivity of Piezoelectrically Driven Magnetoelastic Cantilevers, IEEE J. Microelectromechanical Systems vol.29 no.5 pp.1347-1361, October 2020. You can download the PDF from the IEEE Xplore (preferred), or from my web page. DOI 10.1109/JMEMS.2020.3014402, © IEEE.

  4. S. Wittrock, P. Talatchian, S. Tsunegi, D. Crété, K. Yakushiji, P. Bortolotti, U. Ebels, A. Fukushima, H. Kubota, S. Yuasa, J. Grollier, G. Cibiel, S. Galliou, E. Rubiola, V. Cros, Influence of flicker noise and nonlinearity on the frequency spectrum of spin torque nano-oscillators, Nature Scientific Reports vol.10 no.13116, online 4 August 2020. You can download the PDF from the Nature web site (preferred), or from my web page. DOI 10.1038/s41598-020-70076-0, © of the authors, Open Access under Creative Common 4.0 license CC-BY.

  5. A. Baudiquez, E. Lantz, E. Rubiola, F. Vernotte, Cross-Spectrum Measurement Statistics: Uncertainties and Detection Limit, IEEE Transact. Ultrason., Ferroelec. Freq. Control vol.67 no.11 p.2461-2470, November 2020. You can download the PDF from IEEE Xplore (preferred), or from my web page. DOI 10.1109/TUFFC.2020.3005785, © IEEE.

  6. Y. Gruson, A. Rus, U. L. Rohde, A. Roth, E. Rubiola, Artifacts and Errors in Cross-Spectrum Phase Noise Measurements, Metrologia vol.57 no.5 art. no.055010 p.1-12, October 2020, online 27 April 2020. You can download the PDF from the Metrologia web site (preferred), or from my web page. DOI 10.1088/1681-7575/ab8d7b, Open Access under Creative Common 3.0 license CC-BY.
    You may like the companion slideshow (16x9, 28 pages, PDF 5.2 MB).

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